In fashion designing as well as textile manufacturing, finishing refers to the process that converts the knitted or woven cloth into usable material. Finishing is the final step of the wet processing technology in the textile industry. In the world of fashion, fabric finishing means the process of improving the appearance as well as the quality of fabrics.
Finishing makes the fabric attractive and better resistant to laundering and wear. There are different types of finishes. Some make fabric softer while some make stiffer. Some make fabric shrink resistant or fireproof, while some make the fabric water repellent. It all depends on the user’s need. When you go for an online fashion designing course, they teach you different fabric finishes. This helps you know your fabric better.
Now, we need to know that how many types of finishes are there?
Finishes are classified in different ways. The most common classifications are:
- aesthetic finishes
- functional finishes
Finishes are also classified on their degree of performance as:
- temporary finishes
The other categories are:
- mechanical finishes
- chemical or wet finishes.
Depending on the types of finishes, the function, as well as the lifespan of the fabric, is also determined. Some of the different types of finishes are described below:
Sanding is responsible for making knit, or woven fabrics feel softer and appear more textured than the regular fabrics. Sanding is so effective that it can even make the fabric surface resemble suede leather. The process of sanding needs sandpaper in which the fabric surface is rolled and subjected to press against the abrasive surface at a much higher speed than the fabric.
It is a mechanical finishing process that is used to produce special fabric effects such as smoothness or high lustre. The fabric is passed between heated rolls and heavy pressure.
In this process, the fabrics can acquire self-sterilizing quality by applying an antiseptic finish on the fabric. The process has no side effects as the remains can be dry cleaned. Also, the person wearing the fabric remains unaffected by perspiration.
In the process, glue can be applied on to the surface of fabric to exhibit a glazed or polished appearance. The next process is to iron the surface of the fabric under pressure. This reduces the dirt penetration and is often done with cotton fabrics to make the fabrics shiny and stiff.
The fabic in this process is made from two fibers such as cotton and polyester. The process involves the use of a screen to force the chemicals to burn away any fibres. It leaves some areas opaque.
Fabrics are very delicate and need to be taken care of. There are several other processes for mercerizing, coating, drying, compaction. All of these are essential for developing the desired look in a specific fabric. Finishing requires paramount importance and a lot of experience to happen. To know easier and perfect tips and tricks, enrol online fashion designing courses. These courses teach A-Z of fashion designing from the comfort of your home.
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